RESH

RESH (Heb. רֵשׁ ;ר), the twentieth letter of the Hebrew alphabet; its numerical value is 200. The initial form of this letter–in the early Proto-Canaanite and Proto-Sinaitic inscriptions–is a pictograph of a human head. \!ejud\_0002\_0017\_0\_img1969 The Greek rho seems to indicate that the Canaanite name of the letter was rosh, while resh = "head" in Aramaic. In the late Proto-Canaanite script the pictograph developed into a linear form, \!ejud\_0002\_0017\_0\_img1970 which was preserved in the Greek P. Another Archaic Greek variant \!ejud\_0002\_0017\_0\_img1971 was the ancestor of the Latin R. While the ancient Hebrew script preserved the closed top of the resh \!ejud\_0002\_0017\_0\_img1972 (hence Samaritan), \!ejud\_0002\_0017\_0\_img1973 the Phoenician cursive opened the circular head at its lower part \!ejud\_0002\_0017\_0\_img1974 and the Aramaic script opened the top of the letter \!ejud\_0002\_0017\_0\_img1975 (compare with Aramaic bet, dalet, and 'ayin) already in the late eighth century B.C.E. Later there was a tendency to curve the shoulder \!ejud\_0002\_0017\_0\_img1976 and thus the Jewish resh \!ejud\_0002\_0017\_0\_img1977 was developed. As resh and dalet resemble each other, in some scripts both were often written in the same way. In Syriac only diaritic marks distinguish between them: \!ejud\_0002\_0017\_0\_img1978 = dalet; \!ejud\_0002\_0017\_0\_img1979 = resh. In the Nabatean cursive and, hence, in the Arabic script, the resh has been assimilated with the zayin. Therefore a diacritic point above the za ( \!ejud\_0002\_0017\_0\_img1980 ) distinguishes it from the ra ( \!ejud\_0002\_0017\_0\_img1981 ). See alphabet , Hebrew. (Joseph Naveh)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Resh — (lettre) Lettres de l hébreu א Aleph ב Beth/Veth ג Gimel ד Dalet ה He ו Vav ז Zayin …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Resh — hat verschiedene Bedeutungen: Zwanzigster Buchstabe im Hebräischen Alphabet (siehe Resch) Reststoffe aus Auto Shredderanlagen (siehe RESH) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort be …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • resh — [rāsh] n. [Heb rēsh, lit., the head] the twentieth letter of the Hebrew alphabet (ר) …   English World dictionary

  • Resh — for the town in Nepal see Resh, Nepal Resh is the twentieth letter of many Semitic alphabets, including Phoenician, Aramaic, Hebrew Ivrit|ר and Arabic alphabet ArabDIN|rāʾ ar. ﺭ. Its sound value is one of a number of rhotic consonants: usually… …   Wikipedia

  • resh — noun the 20th letter of the Hebrew alphabet • Hypernyms: ↑letter, ↑letter of the alphabet, ↑alphabetic character • Part Holonyms: ↑Hebrew alphabet, ↑Hebraic alphabet, ↑Hebrew script * * * I …   Useful english dictionary

  • RESH — Der Begriff RESH bezeichnet die bei der Autoverwertung in Schredderanlagen anfallenden brennbaren Abfälle (RE für Reststoffe und SH für shredder (engl.)). Der Innenausbau mit Sitzen, Isolierung und Armaturenbrett machen den Hauptanteil des RESHs… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • resh — ko·resh·an; ko·resh·an·i·ty; resh; …   English syllables

  • resh — noun Etymology: Hebrew rēsh Date: circa 1823 the 20th letter of the Hebrew alphabet see alphabet table …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • resh — /raysh/, n. 1. the 20th letter of the Hebrew alphabet. 2. the consonant sound represented by this letter. [1895 1900; < Heb resh, akin to rosh head] * * * …   Universalium

  • resh — [[t]reɪʃ[/t]] n. ling. the 20th letter of the Hebrew alphabet • Etymology: 1895–1900; < Heb rēsh, akin to rōsh head …   From formal English to slang

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.